Russia AccountabilityCompensationGuarantees of Non-RecurrenceMeasures of SatisfactionRehabilitationRestitutionLandAssetsVictim ParticipationDetentionDisappearance/MissingDisplacementESC violationsExtrajudicial Executions/Massacres

The Russian invasion of Ukraine has caused widespread harm, massive loss of

human life and extensive destruction of infrastructure. This briefing paper proposes

four options to inform approaches to reparations for the war in Ukraine. The four

options weight up the practical realities and challenges faced by different mechanisms

arbitrating and adjudicating on such large-scale damage and loss. Any reparation

programme or commission to be established for the war in Ukraine needs to be locally

owned and allow victims to effectively participate in the design, process and monitoring

of implementation to make it effective and sustainable. This paper does not intend to

stipulate a sole solution, but options and experiences that may be of relevance for the

discussion in delivering reparations for the war in Ukraine.

There is a clear basis in international law for reparations to be paid by Russia

for its aggression in violating the territorial sovereignty of Ukraine under the United

Nations Charter, as well as for violations under human rights and international

humanitarian law. This creates a range of possibilities for reparations to remedy these

breaches that give rise to a right to reparations for the Ukrainian state, individual and

groups of victims as well as investors and corporations. This paper outlines possible

options on reparation mechanisms/commissions, who would be eligible, evidential

issues and funding.

Arts & Humanities Research Council
Queens University Belfast