AccountabilityComplex victimsCompensationGuarantees of Non-RecurrenceMeasures of SatisfactionNon-State Armed GroupsReconciliationReintegration

New article by Dr Luke Moffett on reparations by armed groups in the International Review of the Red Cross. The article is open access and free violence-and-repair-the-practice-and-challenges-of-non-state-armed-groups-engaging-in-reparations (2).


Atrocities by non-State armed groups (NSAGs) often capture international attention, but efforts to repair the harm they have caused are often overlooked. This article traces out some of the practices and tensions in NSAGs making reparations during wartime and in post-conflict transitions. It argues that engaging in reparations for acts committed by NSAGs can not only encourage greater compliance with international humanitarian law but also build support amongst civilian populations during armed conflict and facilitate ex-fighter reintegration at the end of hostilities. Drawing from interviews with a number of armed groups, the article also suggests that engaging with the armed group’s organization rather than just individuals themselves can be an effective way to collectively mobilize a group’s motivation and capacity to deliver on reparations, including recovery of disappeared persons, restitution of property and apologies. As such, this article seeks to contribute to a deeper understanding of reparation practices by NSAGs in order to see how reparations can be mediated and a hierarchy of reparation obligations developed.

Arts & Humanities Research Council
Queens University Belfast